Electronics Final Memo

To: Professor Ryan Lizardi
From: JoAnna Niles
Date: October 13, 2019
Re: Module 3: Electronics Final Memo

 

For this module, the feedback from my peers had me rethink some of the considerations from the Electronics Project Proposal. In this memo, I will discuss how I arrived at a final design.

Message

The objective of this blog post is to discuss how television broadcast impacted Social Changes in America. My blogpost contains details about the “golden era” of television broadcasting and how it switched from traditional media to bring include different genres. It includes some video clips of different television broadcasts, mainly from the 1960s and how these events changed some perspective and brought about social changes in the nation.

Target Audience

This project is intended for use by students and instructors of the IDT 507 Information Technologies course and students interested in communications.

Platform

I continued to use the WordPress blogging platform for this project and embedded YouTube videos to help support my theory.

Design Considerations

As with Module 2, I chose to do a blog post. I initially wanted to include a personal “reaction” video from Youtube but opted out due to a lack of reliable editing software. After feedback from my peers, instead of including multiple topics of war, civil rights, & politics I focused on one.

Design Challenges

This time around I had to essentially start from scratch as I switched to a self-hosted domain. I had a lot of issues using the free wordpress.com platform and switched to the wordpress.org since I already had a domain that wasn’t being used. The process to migrate old content wasn’t difficult, but it was tedious reformatting things that were done two months prior.

I also had some issues narrowing down which topic to include in my post. While there were many events that happened in the Civil Rights Era in various parts of the US, I tried to include an event that had a huge impact bringing the attention to not only families, but the President and other political leaders in the country. 

References Used

Selma, “Bloody Sunday,” and the Most Important TV Newsfilm of the 20th Century (2015, March 10). http://blog.commarts.wisc.edu Project. Retrieved October 9, 2019.

http://blog.commarts.wisc.edu/2015/03/10/selma-bloody-sunday-and-the-most-important-tv-newsfilm-of-the-20th-century/

Allen, Steve & Thompson, Robert J. Television in the United States. Britannica.com. Retrieved October 9, 2019.

https://www.britannica.com/art/television-in-the-United-States/Early-genres

How Television Broadcasting Impacted Social Changes in America

From entertainment and politics to protests on war and civil rights a lot of social change happened during the 1960s in America. This module will share how the use of television in the home during the 1960s created an impact on society in the United States specifically through the Civil Rights Era.

What is Broadcasting

Beginning in the 1920s with AM radio, broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a broad audience via any electronic mass communications medium. This includes radio, television, and even today with the use of the Internet.

Television Broadcasting through the “Golden Era”

In addition to sharing forms of entertainment, television was still used as a visual form of traditional news. In 1960, the first televised presidential debate featuring Vice President Richard Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy was held. Television was also used as a means of sharing information about the controversial Vietnam War.

How the Uses and Gratifications Theory applies to Television Broadcasting

Television Broadcasting was popularized in the 1950s and 1960s showing different forms of shows during 8-11 Eastern (Prime Time) such as variety shows, children’s programs, game shows, and sitcoms. According to our reading, “UGT holds that audiences are responsible for choosing media to meet their desires and needs to achieve gratification.” Since many genres expanded through the “Golden Era” of television in the 1950s and 60s this caused many similar shows to play across competitive networks like NBC, ABC, and CBS.

Political Changes in America through the Civil Rights Era

Sit-ins, marches, boycotts, and more the Civil Rights Movement was a decades-long era where many African Americans and allies of other races protested for the constitutional and legal rights of all Americans.

Outside the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Freedom Trail bus rides and sit-ins from many students looking to end segregation, the Selma to Mongomery March was one of the major events in this time period that brought about change. In an effort to register black voters in the South, protesters planned to march for 54-miles from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery. What is known today as “Bloody Sunday”, the protestors were confronted (and brutally abused) by local authorities and voluntary deputies.

This event was broadcasted around homes across America and brought attention to political leaders including President Johnson, celebrities in the African American community, and allies from community leaders and civilians. Results from this event helped pass the national Voting Rights Act which allowed many African Americans the right to vote and others to become elected officials.

Electronics Project Proposal

To: Professor Ryan Lizardi & Students in IDT 507
From: JoAnna Niles
Date: 9/29/19
Subject: Module 2: Electronics Project Proposal

This memo will discuss design goals for Module 3: Electronics

Message

For this module, I want to share how television broadcasting in the 1960s impacted people in the US on a cultural level.

Audience

This project is intended for use by students and instructors of the IDT 507 Information Technologies course and students interested in communications.

Platform

This project will be used with the WordPress blogging platform with a sharable link.

Details

The blog post will provide an introduction to television broadcasting and how the television was used in the home.

Theoretical Model

I’ll share how the Uses and gratifications theory and Affordance Theories relate to this topic

Rough Mockup

From politics to war, and civil rights a lot of social change happened in the 1960s. I plan to briefly write about each of these topics and how the involvement of television broadcasting affected viewers. I will start with an overview of the topic, how the television was used in the home for entertainment, current events and how broadcasting these specific events affected society to eventually bring change to the country.

Pre-Telegraphic Final Memo

To: Professor Ryan Lizardi
From: JoAnna Niles
Date: September 15, 2019
Re: Module 2 Pre-Telegraphic Memo

For this module, the feedback from my peers had me rethink some of the considerations from my original proposal. In this memo, I will discuss how I arrived at a final design.

Message

The objective of this blog post is to discuss the advancement of music and song in the early Pre-telegraphic era and how it applies to society today.

My blogpost contains details about the use of music and song in the pre-telegraphic era as it relates to slavery in the Americas. It discusses how music and song were used by tribes before the middle passage, how it changed during years of enslavement, and how music and song impact society throughout the world today.

Target Audience

The target audience for this project was initially for students and Instructors in the IDT 507 class. After feedback, I decided to expand the audience to include high school history students as well. Given the subject matter covered and embedded videos, it gives students information that is simple enough to be entertaining and still hold interest.

Since the site is searchable, it can also be accessed by individuals searching for the topic of music and song during slavery or the use of music as communication during that time period.

Platform

I used the WordPress blogging platform for this project as I intended to advance my skills in blogging through WordPress.

Design Considerations

I wanted the site to be user-friendly so I chose a theme with a simple design. I considered creating shorter blog posts based on the different points made and linking them together, but for SEO purposes, longer written posts with multiple keywords rank higher. I decided to merge everything together and separate by headers. For this specific blog post, I also wanted to include images that were my own from previous travels and audio/video examples to support my view on the subject.

Design Challenges

The biggest design challenge was picking the subject and blog theme. In previous projects, I just purchased a theme, but this time I was able to use WordPress’ free options. Another challenge was using WordPress blocking editor. It was a different learning curve that I still haven’t 100% grasped.

References Used

Gleick, James. The Information: a History, a Theory, a Flood. Vintage Books, 2011.

Singing in Slavery: Songs of Survival, Songs of Freedom. (2017, January 25). PBS.org 
Project. Retrieved 11:08, September 8, 2019 from
http://www.pbs.org/mercy-street/blogs/mercy-street-revealed/songs-of-survival-and-songs-of-freedom-during-slavery/

Stringfellow, Thornton. Scriptural and Statistical Views in Favor of Slavery, 2000

Music and Song as Communication

This module will share how music and song were provided as a form of communication for African slaves in North America.

Music and Song Before the Middle Passage

Music and song were used as a form of communication and storytelling by African tribes before the Middle Passage for various occasions such as war, religious ceremonies and celebrations, births, and sometimes a request for help.

…the drums were “beat on the approach of an enemy,” and finally, “on some very extraordinary occasions,” that the drums summoned help from neighboring towns. – (Gleick p. 17)

African Drums
African Drums display at the Kura Hulanda Museum in Curacao

Image by JoAnna Niles 

Music & Song During Slavery

During the Middle Passage, instruments such as the banjo, various styles of drums, and more were either brought or recreated in the Americas. With restrictions to basic skills such as literacy, the use of instruments and oral song shared everyday struggles of slavery, the hope of freedom, and potential ways of escape.

Below are examples of music and song as communication in times of slavery

Songs of the Struggles of Slavery

Songs like “Motherless Child” shares the struggle of separating families during slave auctions.

Hope of Freedom

Because scripture was often used as “pro-slavery”, many songs like “Didn’t My Lord Deliver Daniel” showed slaves comparing their struggles with biblical characters with the hope of deliverance in the present life or reward in the afterlife.

Scriptural and Statistical Views in Favor of Slavery by JW Randolph
Excerpt from “Scriptural and Statistical Views in Favor of Slavery” by J.W. Randolph

Image by JoAnna Niles

Potential Ways of Escape from Slavery

Songs like “Wade in the Water” sometimes included “secret code”. This example was a for warning runaway slaves to flee by the water instead of dry land so the dogs chasing them couldn’t track their scent.

How Music & Song Impacts Society Today

Post slavery and reconstruction, genres like Negro Spirituals, jazz, and the blues were formed. Today music and song are still used as a form of communication and storytelling whether it shares political views, personal struggles, or accomplishments the listener can relate to in popular music we know today like Rock and Roll, Hip-Hop, and R&B.

Pre-Telegraphic Era Project Proposal

To: Professor Ryan Lizardi & Students in IDT 507 
From: JoAnna Niles
Date: 9/8/19
Subject: Module 2: Pre-Telegraphic Era Project Proposal

This memo will discuss design goals for Module 2: Pre-Telegraphic Era

Message

How music and song were provided as a form of communication for African slaves in the Pre-Telegraphic era.  

Audience

This project is intended for use by students and instructors of the IDT 507 Information Technologies course.  

Platform

This project will be used with the WordPress blogging platform. The sharable link can be found here:

Music and Song as Communication

Details

The blog post will provide an introduction to the topic of music being used as a form of communication by African slaves. It will illustrate how they were able to use this artform and the impact they still play in the African American community today.

Rough Mockup:

The first topic will provide information about slaves expressing the struggles of slavery through song. The second point will provide information on expressing the hope of freedom through song by the way of escape through the underground railroad. The last section may include video or audio examples of these songs now referred to as “African American Spirituals”.